Volume 7, No. 1, 2009

Environmental Governance and the Political Economy of Sustainable Development in Africa
by Robert Dibie, Ph.D.

This paper explores the significance of many environmental problems that are trans-boundary in Africa or global in nature. The paper contends that the economy of any African nation is a production and distribution system that affects not only producers and consumers but also communities and governments all over the continent. It argues that every nation in Africa needs to develop pragmatic environmental policies to effectively balance economic development and environmental protection. It challenges the public, private and non-governmental organization (NGOs) institutions to collaborate and bear the responsibilities of protecting the environment in the African continent. The paper suggests that the evaluation of alternative environmental policy instruments all over the African continent will help to alleviate the standards of the economic and human approaches to sustainable development.

The Domain of Sustainable Development in Africa
y Edwin Ijeoma, Ph.D.

This paper examines the impediments of achieving sustainable development in sub-Saharan Africa. It also highlighted some elements of the ecological and economic crises that need to be addressed in the African continent. It provides a brief history of how trade and environmental issues have been interpreted by the World Trade Organization (WTO), culminating with the lunch of environmental negotiations in Doha. It explores some strategic challenges being faced by the international community in efforts to achieving a sustainable future. Finally, it offers some suggestions as to how the international community especially the developing countries should continue to engage their counterparts in developed nations in using trade and environment negotiations   to promote sustainable development. The paper  acknowledges  the need   to move  away from a  mare global advocacy for sustainable development  to a  more  tangible  projects and programs (praxis) that would ensure  a better sustainable future  for the  earth and all its inhabitants especially those in sub-Saharan Africa.

The Impact of Scientific Research on Sustainable Development: The Case of the Arab Region
y Muawya Hussein

This paper examines the following issues (1) scientific research at international level, and in the Arab region as a mechanism for sustainable development; (2) the essence of scientific research and its outputs in Arab higher education institutions, and the weak relationship between it and the services companies; (3) the impediments of research in the Arab region, and the possible methods of overcoming the problem. The findings of this research paper includes: (1) lack of adequate research funding from within the Arab region; (2) there is weak relationship between research institutions, the industrial and the private sectors. The nonprofit sector is still very weak in the Arab region; and (3) brain drain syndrome of the Arab region tends to negatively affect research productivity, as well as development.        

Development Strategies in Tourism Economies: A Comparison Between Hawaii and Jamaica
y Karl Besel Ph.D. Muthusami Kumaran Ph.D. and Brandy Kizer

This paper examines the tourism economies of Hawaii and Jamaica. It argues that the economic development strategies devised by Hawaii and Jamaica has increasingly become more sophisticated over the past decades. Consequently, these island nation and state are often the destination of immigrants from impoverished rural areas, as demonstrated by the huge influx of migrants within countries in the Caribbean and Pacific Rim. The paper contends that tourist destinations within Hawaii have adopted more long term development strategies, while destinations within Jamaica have opted for short term strategies that entail less business and political risk for the elite and politicians respectively. The implications of this study include how local business leaders can work in tandem with government officials in developing comprehensive development strategies.

The Politicization of Chieftaincy Disputes in Modern Nigeria and Ghana
y Isaac Olawale Albert, Ph.D.

This paper examines the unhealthy third party intervention in the Olowo chieftaincy disputes in Owo, Nigeria and the Dagbon dispute in Yendi, Ghana within the past one decade. The two disputes are important case studies for illustrating attempts by state officials to manipulate the traditional political institutions in Africa. It argues that the military or civilian regimes in the two countries manipulated the traditional rulers through the powers to appoint, discipline and rewards these chiefs. They intervened in chieftaincy disputes in partisan ways and in the process contributed in no mean manner in the intractability of some of the problems.


Comparative Perspectives on Civil Society by Professor Dibie, Published by Lexington Books
Reviewed by Leonard Gadzekpo, Ph.D.

Professor Robert Dibie's book on Comparative Civil Society examines the relationship between civil society and government in many countries and how this association might develop further in the areas of social, economic, and political development. Several experts explore the environment of this relationship, the strategies adopted by national and regional governments to influence the behavior of civil society organizations, as well as public policies that guide the parties toward achieving sustainable development.