Volume 5, no. 1, 2007

Ethical Leadership, Social Responsibility and Corruption in Nigeria

by Robert Dibie, Ph.D.

This paper examines the dynamics of corruption, unethical behavior and mismanagement in the public sector of Nigeria. It argues that state control of the economy and the excessive regulation of the economic activities create the opportunistic behavior that include corruption due to lack of efficient rule of law, lack of accountability, greed and ignorance by public leaders and business officials in Nigeria. It further argues that corruption in Nigeria cannot be eradicated by increasing the number of anti-corruption agencies but through pragmatic government efforts to look towards implementing a more encompassing reform of its political, administrative and economic operations as well as rule of law. The concluding section of the paper addressed the question: What can Nigeria do in the twenty-first century to root out corruption, achieve sustainable development and promote entrepreneurship and innovation?

Leadership Values and Strategies for Nigeria
by Ayandiji Daniel Aina, Ph.D.

This paper examines the perception of political and public leadership and associated ethical values in Nigeria. It explores leadership from the public, private and NGOs sectors perspective. It argues that the political economy of post-colonial state of Nigeria was designed to promote leadership failure. It contends that the Nigerian problem is rooted in greed, and the unwillingness or inability of its leaders to rise to the responsibility to morally serve the people rather than their selves. The paper suggests that the solution to the unethical leadership problems for revalorizing leadership ethical values cannot but be God-centered.

Corruption: A legacy of Colonialism in Nigeria
Jones Oluwole Aluko, Ph.D.

This paper examines corruption in Nigeria from an historical perspective.  It argues that there was purity in the traditional Nigerian society before the advent of colonialism.  It contend that even where there was any trace of corruption during the olden days, it was usually visited with condemnation from members of the community and accompanied with the wrath of the society’s ancestral god. The paper cites some examples of corrupt practices from the colonial period up to the present time in Nigeria and the attendant efforts put up by successive administrations to curb and/or erase corruption at the different stages. The anti-corruption agencies-EFCC and the ICPC among others, put in place by the present administration should not die with this administration, rather they should be institutionalized to fight traces of corruption on continual basis. The concluding section of the paper calls for a drastic change of attitude by the leaders who should lead by good examples and the education and sensitization of the civil society organizations to demand compliance, the rule of law, and good governance at the local, state and federal government levels.

Bureaucratic Corruption in Africa: The Futility of Cleanups
by Joshua Bolarinwa, Ph.D.

This paper explores bureaucratic corruption in Africa. It argues that although, corruption is a major problem in Africa, it is not peculiar to the continent and the depths of the problem vary from region to region, between and among states and across time. It also examines   the problem of bureaucratic corruption in Africa from an historical perspective. The paper also critically reviewed the role that colonialism and imperialism played in defining African bureaucracies. It proposes various options, most especially ‘Public-choice Approach’ as an applicable strategy to tackle corruption in Africa. The paper also suggested the resolution of leadership problems and the consolidation of some Africa states as a solution to the corruption problems.

Taming Nigeria's Corruption in the Public Sector of Nigeria
Basil O. Ohionebo, Ph.D.

This paper examines the nature of unethical practices and some methods that could be used to tame corruption in Nigeria. The central theme of this paper is that the extent that anti-corruption agencies currently operates will be much more efficacious in controlling corruption in Nigeria and in assisting the country in its current efforts at pushing its resources towards achieving sustainable development.

To stem the raging monster of corruption, therefore, it is imperative to develop preventive mechanisms not only through a more proficient regulatory framework but more importantly, through a complementary regime of up-stream rules and norms of behavior for every Nigerian, including the public office holder.