Volume 2, no. 1, 2004

Accountability & Transparency in Revenue Generation: The Case of Local Governments in Nigeria

by John Erero, Anthony Oladoyin and Elumilade D.O

Without mincing words, the issue of accountability and transparency has become a subject of global concern and worry as it underpins the very essence of human development at every level of human relationship. Nigeria's performance and placement in the Accountability and Transparency Scoreboard in the world has made the current exercise not only worthwhile but timely considering the most recent rating of Nigeria as the second most corrupt country in the world.

Globalization & Contemporary Africa : A universalist - Functionalist Interpretation
by Olatunji A. Oyeshile

Many African scholars today are disturbed about what fate will befall Africans considering the irreversible globalization trend. Globalization took off mainly from economic and later information perspectives in terms of movement of commodity and market, the reduction of space and time in human communication. We however do not intend to go so much into the economic and technological arguments surrounding globalization. Rather we want to consider the effects of globalization on moral and political claims in Africa.

Globalization & The Future Of Sovereignty
by Sunday Olaoluwa Dada

Contemporary globalization theories are rife with the notice of the death or obsolescence of the idea of the nation-state. The rationale for this "obituary" is simply that the state seems, in the words of a commentator, too small for global concerns like crime and pollution and too large for local issues like sub-national allegiances. The global world is taken to be a world of transnational institutions, processes and ideas. I examine this current of idea against the relevance of the state and I contend that there is a sense in which the state is not deceased.

Media Globalization and the Responses Of the Nigerian Broadcast Media Implications for Democracy and Development
by Ayo Ojebode

The globalization of the media of mass communication has been praised for being one of the major catalysts for the spread of democracy and development especially in the developing world. But discussions of the impact of media globalization have by no means been homogenous. There are strong arguments that rather than being beneficiaries, democracy and development have been victims of the globalised media world. As a result, nations and institutions are responding to media globalization with caution.

Globalization: A new Ethnocentric Culture with Impact on African Social Values
by Jacob Kehinde Ayantayo

The paper first admits the fact that globalization is an epitome of social change which to our mind is a welcome development. However, a close look at the concept raises some fundamental questions such as: what is globalization with emphasis on its intent, content and context? Does it affect African social values negatively or positively? If it really affects African social values negatively, how and where does it manifest? Can Africans benefit anything from this new social order?

Electoral Fraud & Legitimacy Crisis in Post Independent Nigeria
by Michael Abiodun Oni

The essence of democratic governance is its emergence through the ballot papers, This form of government is simply a by - product of the electorate's wishes and aspirations as expressed through the electoral process. Therefore, a democratic polity is the one, in which the voice, decisions, actions and inactions of government are supposedly that of the people. This is because of the conferment of legitimacy on the government by the people who had cast their votes at elections to elect their political leaders. the FRCN "octopus" is the raison detre.

Corruption, Accountability & Good Governance (Reflections On Governance In Nigeria's Fourth Republic 1999-2003).
by Agbaje, E.B.A.

The Nigerian state has, for a long time, been groping in the dark. Politically directionless, economically huge but hopelessly managed. Humanly endowed but devastatingly impoverished. We were not getting our politics right. We were not getting our health right. We were not getting our 'feeding' right. Above all, we were not getting our education and human development right. We seem to be wrong in almost all directions. All we had in Nigeria was a State so networking arranged that no new idea, no new knowledge, no new arrangement, no matter how logically made, worked for public good or have a place in an over-entrenched and corrupt conservative set-up.

Reflections on Foreign Media & Democracy in Nigeria
by Dayo Alao

This paper reviews the role which International Media (Foreign Media) played in the Nigeria Democratic experiment between 1999 and 2003. This is a period that political analysts considered as the beginning of 'modern democratic governance' in Nigeria when voters voted for candidates of their choice, after years of military rule that were punctuated by a 'pseudo-democratic' governance.

Nigerian Literature as a Fictional Reconstruction of Political Scenario Excerpts From Post-Colonial Experiences
by Mobolanle Ebunoluwa Sotunsa

This paper reveals that Nigerian literature is a fictional reconstruction of the political scenario in the country. The paper attempts to locate the parallels of some fictional characters and events in the real Nigerian political scene. Furthermore, the paper attempts to highlight the current trends and identify the dominant themes in contemporary Nigerian writing. Using the literary offerings of contemporary Nigerian writers, the paper posits that the dominant themes of Nigerian writings are politics and the social ills prevalent in the society. The study gives credence to the notion of literature as a corrective mirror.

The Four Freedoms & the September 11, 2001 Incident in the United States of America : Implications for the American & Nigerian Societies
by M.E. Akpenyi & Olusola J. Koyi

This paper recollects the sad event of September 11, 2001, bombing in the United States of America (USA) (hereafter referred to as 9/11). This incident negates the tenets of the four freedoms: Freedom of speech and expression; the freedom of worship; freedom from want and freedom from fear. An examination of the 9/11 incidents and a comparative analysis of the impact on the American and Nigerian, societies were carried out. It is proposed that the 9/11 incident should gear the two societies to a better resolve at peace, human rights and social justice, respect for all people, to promote friendship, trade as well as scientific and cultural cooperation and to improve the standard of living for all.

Diversity & the challenges in today's Organization: A Comparative Analysis of the United States Of America & Nigeria.
by Oyeyinka O. Oyewo

In the past 30 years, one of the most important issues to emerge in management is the increasing diversity in the work place. As a matter of the consequence arising from an organization's expansion into the global environment, with increase in the work force, diversity has become of essence. This issue has generated a lot of argument, drawing attention to the various ethical and social responsibility issues within an organization.

Women & Politics: Nigerian Experience
by Iyabo Olojede

In this paper it is argued that regardless of regime type, women's participation in Nigerian politics is peripheral. On paper, women enjoy formal equality with men on political rights. The Nigerian constitution guarantees the electoral participation of women. Women can vote and be voted for. However, the implementation of the prohibition against discriminatory practices against women in the public sphere has been observed in the reverse.